Promoting healthy ageing and personalised health care requires attention to sex differences and to gender aspects as they jointly determine any eventual health outcome of individuals. High quality research must take into account biological, behavioural and social differences between girls and boys, men and women and gender diverse people. In addition it is relevant to examine how differences and similarities develop throughout the lifespan. Other relevant issues within SC1 are, for instance: risk factor for chronic diseases (NCD), mental health, diet, nutrition and exercise patterns, data collection in basic and preclinical research, collection and use of “big data“ for understanding disease pathways and risk factors leading to disease, etc.1.
In daily life, men, women, and children are exposed to different kinds of chemicals in varying concentrations. The level of exposure to toxic chemicals—as well as the resulting impacts on human health—are determined by social as well as biological factors.[…] Several factors, including differences in occupational roles, household responsibilities, and biological susceptibility, impact gender differences in exposure to toxic chemicals and the resulting health impacts. […]
Source: UNDP. 2007. Gender Mainstreaming a Key Driver of Development in Environment & Energy. Chemicals Management (Energy & Environment Practice - Gender Mainstreaming Guidance Series), (pp.1-4)
- 1. Source: H2020-AG-GENDER (2015), p. 4