There is ample evidence of gender as a vital cross-cutting category that relates to structures, identities, cultures in European transport and mobility. At the same time, there is a need for more complex and fresh approaches, to explore the influence of gendered practices in transport demand and supply, and the links to the shaping of transport policies as well as research and innovation activities. It is needed a deeper and sounder understanding of how gender relates to the new technological agendas and future prospects of European transport and mobility and innovation in topics such as transport safety, urban planning/ mobility challenges in urban areas, automated road transport, safe accessible and fair transport for all, and particularly for seniors.1

Mobility: Gender differences in bicycle behaviour and use

Literature review shows, by providing a quantitative valuation, how women demonstrate different patterns of cycling, may prefer different bicycle facilities, and have different safety considerations. These findings—in concert with more refined investigation—will inevitably aid policy discussions. For example, they draw attention to the fact that different infrastructure decisions likely have varying impacts on difference audiences in terms of making cycling environments safer or more attractive to different users. From a practical standpoint, such information may be useful for marketing or for directing segmented and targeted policies. If women have different use patterns, make different route choice decisions, or prefer different cycling facilities, these factors are likely to have important implications for provision of different facilities and the use that planners and other policy officials can expect from them. For example, women may prize lighted paths and paved shoulders more than do men. Future research could be oriented toward understanding how these patterns play out by age and location and moreover what the underlying behavioral reasons for these patterns are.

Source: Kevin J. Krizek, Pamela Jo Johnson and Nebiyou Tilahun. 2005. Gender Differences in Bicycling Behaviour and Facility Preferences. Transportation Research Board Conference Proceedings, 35 (Research on Women’s Issues in Transportation - Vol.2: Technical Papers), 31-40.

  • 1. Source: H2020-AG-GENDER (2015), p. 8